The Chianti and Chianti Classico area landscape is unique with its gentle and green hills, ancient stone towns with their traditional country and tower houses, and obviously, with its famous wineries and oil mills. Here the combination of soil, weather, tradition and innovation culminated in many outstanding wines based on the Sangiovese grape with the DOC (Controlled Designation of Origin) and DOCG (Controlled and Guaranteed Designation of Origin) certifications.
Chianti and Chianti classic are different in many aspects: the first difference is the geographic origin which is the provinces of Florence and Siena for the Classico and Arezzo and Pisa for the Chianti (in addition to the first two). Another difference is the presence of the Sangiovese grape: from 80% to 100% for the Classico and 70% minimum for the Chianti. They differ also for the amount of alcohol and the ageing.
Chianti Classico DOCG wine is one of the most famous and appreciated wine in the world with its 10.000 cultivated hectares in Tuscany. We can consider this area as a region in the region with Florence and Siena as provinces and nine municipalities indicated below.
The itinerary might touches the center of one or few of these villages: Castellina in Chianti, Gaiole in Chianti, Greve in Chianti, Radda in Chianti, Barberino Val d’Elsa, Castelnuovo Berardenga, Poggibonsi, San Casciano Val di Pesa and Tavarnelle Val di Pesa.
BRUNELLO DI MONTALCINO
Montalcino lies in the south of Tuscany, about 40 km from Siena, to the west of Pienza. It is located in an uncontaminated hill landscape characterized by an ancient history and of special beauty. The territory of Montalcino consists of a hill, mostly covered by forests and cultivations that are a mix of vineyards, olive groves, and seeded crops, with a large number of stone buildings such as medieval walls, towers, churches with frescos of the Sienese School and the Rocca, an ancient fortress.
Besides being beautiful, this area is famous for the quality of the Brunello di Montalcino, with its 5.000 cultivated hectares, which is a red wine whose secret can be found in the grapevine: a meticulous labor by hand in order to guarantee the reaping and selection of the best fruits. It is made 100% from Sangiovese grape and in 1980, Brunello di Montalcino received the DOCG designation (Controlled and Guaranteed Designation of Origin) and today is one of the most known and expensive Italian wines.
The itinerary might also includes the visit of one or few of the towns: Pienza, Montalcino, San Quirico D’Orcia, Monticchiello, Montisi.
NOBILE DI MONTEPULCIANO
Montepulciano is a picturesque Medieval and Renaissance hill town in the province of Siena. According to the legend, it was founded in 500 A.C. by the Etruscan king Porsenna and viticulture is already practiced in that period.
Vino Nobile di Montepulciano is a red wine with a DOCG certification (Controlled and Guaranteed Designation of Origin) obtained in 1966 and produced in the vineyards surrounding the town with a total surface area of about 700 hectares producing 27,000 hl of wine. The wine is composed by the main variety which is Sangiovese grape (minimum 70%) also known as Prugnolo Gentile, blended with other varieties such as Canaiolo Nero (10%–20%), Malvasia del Chianti and Trebbiano Toscano (10%–20%) and one may also add limited quantities of Pulcinculo (Grechetto Bianco) and Mammolo (5%).
Another important wine from the same area is the Rosso di Montepulciano DOC, a quite young wine composed by the same varieties as the Nobile wine: Sangiovese (minimum 70%) and complementary red berried varieties suitable to be cultivated in Tuscany (30%). Its characteristics are the freshness of a young wine together with the elegance of the Prugnolo Gentile.
The tour may also include the visit of Cortona, a very picturesque town on top of a hill with great panoramas all along its perimeter.
AREZZO & CASENTINO
Arezzo is one of the most important Tuscan tourist cities. Boasting Etruscan origin, this city on the Valdichiana-Casentino border has some of the most important Italian works of art, such as Piero della Francesca`s cycle of frescoes Legend of the True Cross. Arezzo is also renowned all over the world for the Medieval Giostra del Saracino (Saracen Joust). The territory of Arezzo is an important certified producer of “Chianti Colli Aretini” DOCG. It also produces DOC certified red, rosé and Vinsanto wines, such as Colli d’Etruria Centrale DOC, Valdichiana DOC, Cortona DOC, Valdarno di Sopra DOC, Vinsanto del Chianti DOC and Vinsanto del Chianti dei Colli Aretini DOC. It is land of legumes (fagiolo zolfino, fagiolo coco nano, fagiolo dall’occhio) and cheeses (raw milk sheep case, abbucciato aretino and ricotta), local honey and extra virgin olive oil. Meats (as Chianina and Valdarno chicken) and deli meats (as finocchiona and Tarese del Valdarno) are famous.
The tour may also include the visit of Cortona, a very picturesque town on top of a hill with great panoramas all along its perimeter. Sansepolcro, Anghiari, Monterchi, Poppi, Bibbiena, Castiglion Fiorentino.